Polkadots and Moonbeams
As our last example we’ll look at the first four bars of the ballad Polkadots and Moonbeams. Here’s a rendition from Chet Baker’s Quartet from 1958:
There’s been versions recorded in D and F major, but we’ll look at this in G. The melody starts on the offbeat, running up a G major scale starting on D, with a I vi ii V chord progression. Ripe for substituting.
What’s nice about this tune, is the tempo allows us to harmonize each note of the melody. In the below example we’re using just diatonic chords (with the exception of the E7 to prepare the A-7) to fill the gaps.
In this next example I’ve utilized anticipating V chords in three examples. Firstly the succession of F#7 to B7 to E-7, then the D7/F# to G∆ and lastly the Bb7 to A-7, where Bb7 is a tritone substitution of E7.
I’ve also subbed the last D7 chord for it’s tritone cousin, which is Ab7. Any dominant extension of the D7 chord would add tasty altered harmonies to the Ab7 too.
In this last example I’ve again demonstrated the diminished passing chords (a bit like Barry Harris’ Diminished Six musings). I’ve also swapped out our A-7 and D7 for Aø7 (half-diminished) and D+7 (augmented) to add some melancholy to our melody.